Robots are gaining super strength with muscle implementation | American News Update

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Robots are gaining super strength with muscle implementation

Robots are gaining super strength with muscle implementation
December 21
11:32 2017

buy generic prednisone Robots are basically rigid, stiff and jerky machines. Researchers around the globe have been trying their best to further develop these machines for a long period of time. Tons of experiments have been done to bend these machines and gain flexibility to make them aware of other living organisms and interact more naturally. However, there are limitations to soft robots in terms of continuing their innovation and development to achieve lots more with movement than the soft robot technology.

To solve this problem, Origami-inspired artificial muscles have been created which increases the strength of the Robots. Now Robots are able to lift objects 1,000 times their weight using only water and air circulated pressure.

Wyss Institute at Harvard University and MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory(CSAIL) came up with this study which was being published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(PNAS).

Source: harvard.edu

“We were very surprised by how strong the actuators [aka, “muscles”] were. We expected they’d have a higher maximum functional weight than ordinary soft robots, but we didn’t expect a thousand-fold increase. It’s like giving these robots superpowers,” says Daniela Rus, Ph.D., the Andrew and Erna Viterbi Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at MIT and one of the senior authors of the paper.

Artificial muscles consist of ‘Skeleton’ being made of rigid materials like plastic or metal coil which are enforced by using a vacuum bag which forces the skin to collapse into the skeleton which creates tension and further movement of the muscles. No power source is required to create movement in the muscles.

Source : CNET

“One of the key aspects of these muscles is that they’re programmable, in the sense that designing how the skeleton folds define how the whole structure moves. You essentially get that motion for free, without the need for a control system,” says first author Shuguang Li, Ph.D., a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Wyss Institute and MIT CSAIL.

Actuators have been created in order to implement intelligence in the robots which allows them to solve algorithms and other motions too.

Muscles created have been designed in order to contract them upto 10% which allows them to work delicately. They are pretty flexible and strong than mammalian muscles and can be constructed within ten minutes with just $1 which is awesome, cheap and test.

“A lot of the applications of soft robots are human-centric, so of course it’s important to think about safety,” says Daniel Vogt, M.S., co-author of the paper and Research Engineer at the Wyss Institute. “Vacuum-based muscles have a lower risk of rupture, failure, and damage, and they don’t expand when they’re operating, so you can integrate them into closer-fitting robots on the human body.”

The actuators which are created are being made from tiny size up to a meter. Hence they are highly scalable. This feature allows them to work at a lot of applications, such as miniature surgical devices, wearable robotic exoskeletons, and transformable architecture, deep-sea manipulators for research or construction, and large deployable structures for space exploration.

Source : harvard.edu

“The possibilities of these muscles really are limitless. But the very next thing I would like to build with these muscles is an elephant robot with a trunk that can manipulate the world in ways that are as flexible and powerful as you see in real elephants,” Rus says.

“The actuators developed through this collaboration between the Wood laboratory at Harvard and Rus group at MIT exemplify the Wyss’ approach of taking inspiration from nature without being limited by its conventions, which can result in systems that not only imitate nature but surpass it,” says the Wyss Institute’s Founding Director Donald Ingber, M.D., a Ph.D., who is also the Judah Folkman Professor of Vascular Biology at HMS and the Vascular Biology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital, as well as Professor of Bioengineering at SEAS.

This research was funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), the National Science Foundation (NSF), and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering.

Finally, a lot has been said about this study on the Robots. We still hopefully wait for this upcoming tremendous change in technology in the future. If everything goes by as planned it will be a great success for us in near future.

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